What is website defacement prevention?
Website defacement is when hackers gain access to a website and place messages or pictures across it, thus causing it to be hacked. The hacktivists will replace your site’s content with their own.
Site owners may find the content offensive or contain religious or political messages. Hacktivists might also leave a notice stating that they have taken control of the website.
What is the reason websites are being defaced?
Hacktivists can deface websites for many reasons. These are just a few of the reasons hackers might attempt to hack into a website:
Hacktivists are looking to protest against political views and governments associated with a website. They alter the content of the website by using images and messages to communicate their ideas.
Hackers may try to hack your site for sheer enjoyment or simply because they can. They look for security holes and then mock site owners. To make fun of the owners, they may post a message or an image to the site. In either case, website owners suffer some losses. The reputation of the website is severely damaged. Your website may not be popular with users who feel it is insecure.
Many web applications and websites store their data in configuration files. These files can affect the web site’s content or indicate where templates and content can be found. Hackers may attempt to make sudden changes to these files.
Site Defacement Attacks: Causes
- DNS hacking
- SQL injection
- Unauthorized Access
- Malware infection
- Cross-site scripting (“XSS”)
Website damage can last a long time, even if the site is removed.
Website Defacement Prevention
You can take steps to secure your website from hackers. These measures will help reduce the likelihood of your website being used for virtual graffiti. These are just a few of the options.
1. Principle of least Privilege (POLP).
POLP allows you to limit the number of people who have access to your site. This reduces the chance of malicious internal users compromising your website. You should not give anyone, even your employees, access to your website.
Only give access to the people who need it. Only allow certain people the privileges they need to complete their tasks. After they complete the task, you can revoke their privileges.
2. Reducing the use of add-ons or plugins
Your site’s vulnerability is increased by unchecked plugins and add-ons. Your site’s security is compromised by the inability to upgrade immediately.
3. Limit Error Messages
Your website should not display detailed error messages. These messages can be used to attack your website by hackers.
4. File uploads can be reduced
To prevent cybercriminals from gaining access to your internal systems, reduce file uploads Perform virus scans of any files uploaded by users. Limit executable permissions.
5. 5. Enable SSL/TLS
To ensure encrypted interaction between users and websites, enable SSL/TLS.
Advanced Website Defacement Prevention Strategies
Prevention is always better than treatment. Even the most effective security measures might not be enough to protect your website. These advanced solutions can be used by experts to further secure your website.
1. Regular scans for vulnerabilities
Regular scans of your site are recommended. Make the necessary adjustments as soon as possible. Although it can take some time and may cause site functionality to be disrupted, it is the best way for security. This significantly lowers the chance of being defaced.
2. Prevent SQL injection
Regular expressions can be prevented by cleaning your inputs. This helps you to avoid hackers using characters to inject code into your internal systems.
3. Defend Cross-Site Scripting.
XSS allows hackers to embed scripts onto your website. These scripts are executed when a visitor opens the page, resulting in possible defacement. You can stop XSS by:
- Sanitizing input
- To block communication from unknown domains, use a WAF (Web Application Firewall).
4. Bot Management
Hackers use bots to scan multiple websites looking for vulnerabilities. This is the reason why there are so many defacement attacks. They compromise the site and then deface it immediately after they find a vulnerability.
To reduce bad bots, bot management technology uses the following:
- Challenge-based detection
- Traffic headers static inspection
- Bots asking to interact with a CAPTCHA
- To uncover bot traffic, we use the behavior-based inspection to examine site visitors
These methods can be used to identify bad bots and reduce their access to your site.
Your website must be secure. You must restrict access to your website by making sure that only the people who need it have it. Engage experts like a cWatch for enhanced security.