Hacking takes place through the use of a computer system or a private network within a computer. In other words, it refers to unauthorized access or control of the safety systems of computer networks for illegal purposes. If you find that your computer has been affected and infected with a virus or any other malware, you must take action to prevent your files being destroyed and to prevent the use of your computer to attack other computers. The remaining part of this article will discuss the necessary steps that you will have to take to get back to normal after you have been hacked.
Steps to perform if your computer is hacked:
Disconnect your computer
Your computer will need to be disconnected to prevent it from communicating on a network. This type of insulation prevents the computer from being used for attacking other computers and prevents the hacker from getting files and other data successfully. To disconnect your computer, you’ll need to pull the network cable out of your PC and then turn off the WiFi connection.
Shutdown and remove the hard drive.
To prevent further damage to your files, shut down your computer. Get the hard drive out and link it as a secondary non-bootable drive to another device. Ensure that the other computer has antivirus and antispyware that are both updated.
Scan your drive for infection and malware
Use Anti-spyware, antivirus, and anti-rootkit scanners on your other host PC to detect and remove any type of file system infection on your hard drive.
Create a backup
Now focus on getting your personal information from the previously infected drive. To do this, copy your documents, media, photos, and other individual files to a CD, DVD, or other clean hard drives.
Move your drive back to your PC
Move the drive back to your old computer and get ready for the next part of the recovery process. Set the dip switches of your drive back to “Master.”
Completely wipe your old hard drive.
Always believe your PC is free of malware, even though viruses and spyware scans show the threats are gone. By using a hard drive wipe to completely blank the disk and then refill your operating system from trusted files, you can be sure that the drive is immaculate. After all your data has been backed up, place the hard drive back into your computer and use a safe disk erase to wipe the drive completely. The disk wipe utility can spend a lot of time cleaning a drive as it overwrites every sector of the hard drive, even empty ones, and often takes a number of passes to ensure that nothing is missed. It may take time, but provides no stone is unturned and is the best way to make sure the hazard is eventually eliminated.
Reload the OS and install updates
In this step, you will need to reload your operating system from trusted media and install updates. Use the original OS disks you purchased or that came with your computer to do this. Do not use disks of unknown origin or copied from another location. The use of trusted media ensures that a virus does not reinfect your PC on tainted drives of the operating system. Download all patches and updates to your operating system before you go ahead and install anything else.
Reinstall security software
You should first load and patch all your security-related software before you can load any other application. Make sure your antivirus software is updated before loading any other applications. This is important only when those applications contain malware, which can be undetected if the signatures of your virus are not current.
Scan your backup disks for viruses
You can be sure that everything is clean, but always scan your data backup disks before you reintroduce them back to your computer.
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